Worldwide, more than 100 million people suffer from diabetes. Diabetic disorders have a genetic background and are divided into two types: juvenile and adult. Juvenile diabetes is generally caused by a genetic defect that leads to an insufficient production of insulin in the body and requires regular insulin injections to control blood sugar levels. The majority of diabetic patients, however, develop this disease as adults. Adult forms of diabetes also have a genetic background. However, the causes that trigger the outbreak of the disease in these patients at any stage in their adult lives have been unknown. It is, therefore, not surprising that diabetes is yet another disease that is still growing on a global scale.
Diabetes is a particularly malicious metabolic disorder. Circulatory problems and clogging can occur in virtually any part of the 60,000-mile-long blood vessel pipeline.
Cardiovascular complications in diabetic patients could include:
blindness from clots in the arteries of the eyes
kidney failure from kidney artery clogging, requiring dialysis
gangrene from clogging of the small arteries of the toes
heart attacks from clogging of the coronary arteries
strokes from clogging of the brain arteries
The key to understanding cardiovascular disease in diabetics is understanding the similarity in the molecular structure of vitamin C and sugar (glucose) molecules. The cells of our blood vessel walls contain biological pumps specialized for pumping sugar and vitamin C from the bloodstream into the blood vessel wall, enabling normal function of the wall and preventing cardiovascular disease. Because of the high sugar concentration in the blood of diabetic patients, the sugar and vitamin C pumps are overloaded with sugars molecules. This leads to an overload of sugar and, at the same time, to a deficiency of vitamin C inside the blood vessel walls. Thus, vitamin C deficiency leads to a thickening of the walls throughout the blood vessel pipeline, which puts organs at risk of infarction.