Osteoporosis


Bones are an important part of our musculoskeletal system. Bone tissue is subject to continuous composition and decomposition processes. The regulation is dependent on various hormones and on the availability of certain essential nutrients. This is particularly important for women in the second half of their lives, when physical and hormonal changes lead to an increased requirement for minerals such as calcium and magnesium. But men also need a good supply of micronutrients in order to boost a healthy bone metabolism and thus the maintenance of bone stability.

However, everyone is at risk of bone fractures from a fall, sports activities, or maybe a car accident. All this is more likely to happen to people suffering from a decreased bone strength (osteoporosis). Bone fractures are one of the most painful injuries and require a lengthy recovery time.

The most common bone fracture, especially in active adults and children, is a broken leg, often involving a tibial (or shinbone) fracture. A tibial fracture usually requires a healing time of 12 to 16 weeks. However, this is often delayed due to a high incidence of complications in the patient, requiring strong painkillers.

Collagen fibres and connective tissues form the basic structure of bones. Bones get their stability by the deposition of minerals and trace elements between the connective tissue structure. Without healthy collagen, bone cannot form and function properly. A common perception is that vitamin D and calcium are the only nutrients needed for healthy bones or that they aid in the fracture healing process. However, healthy bone formation depends also on a proper supply of vitamin C, the amino acids lysine and proline, and other collagen supporting micronutrients. Since the human body cannot produce vitamin C and lysine internally, a deficiency of these critical nutrients is very likely and can be further worsened by stress associated with a bone fracture.


This section of the Library documents research and clinical studies that show the fundamental role of certain vitamins and other micronutrients in maintaining bone health

Scientific Studies


December 8, 2016

Alpha-lipoic acid protects from bone loss

December 8, 2016

Maternal vitamin B12 deficiency results in growth retardation and osteoporosis in the offspring

December 8, 2016

Vitamin C exerts a positive effect on bone formation

December 8, 2016

Calcium and vitamin D prevent osteoporosis

December 8, 2016

Inadequate vitamin C intake increases the risk of osteoporosis

December 8, 2016

Dietary vitamin C intake reduces fracture risk

August 24, 2016

Inadequate micronutrient intake increases risk of osteoporosis

April 15, 2016

Vitamin E supplementation improves bone strength

April 15, 2016

Vitamin D supports osteoporosis treatment

April 15, 2016

Trace element boron supports bone health

April 15, 2016

The combination of vitamins C and E prevents osteoporosis

April 15, 2016

Vitamin C is essential for bone maintenance

April 15, 2016

Soy is effective against osteoporosis

April 15, 2016

Low dietary magnesium intake increases the risk of osteoporosis

April 15, 2016

Magnesium supplementation is effective against osteoporosis

April 15, 2016

Low dietary magnesium levels negatively affect bone health

April 15, 2016

Green tea protects against bone loss

April 15, 2016

Calcium supplementation improves bone health

April 15, 2016

Trace elements increase bone density

April 15, 2016

Essential amino acids prevent osteoporosis

April 15, 2016

Green tea supports bone structure

April 15, 2016

Green tea decreases the risk of fracture

April 15, 2016

Vitamin C and flavonoids improve bone quality

April 15, 2016

Soybeans prevent bone loss

April 15, 2016

Micronutrient supplementations support bone health

April 15, 2016

Vitamin K maintains bone health

April 15, 2016

Vitamin D and calcium prevent osteoporosis

April 15, 2016

Citrus compounds improve bone strength

April 15, 2016

Calcium and vitamin D improve bone metabolism

April 15, 2016

The beneficial effects of boron and fish oil on bone

April 15, 2016

Micronutrients reduce the risk of hip fracture

April 15, 2016

Vitamin supplementation suppresses bone weakening

April 15, 2016

Omega-3 fatty acids have protective effects on bones


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