Intakes of fruit, vegetables, and carotenoids and renal cell cancer risk: a pooled analysis of 13 prospective studies.
This research evaluated the effect of fruit and vegetable consumption on kidney cancer risk. 13 studies were analyzed, and they included 1,478 patients with kidney cancer (709 women and 769 men) as well as 530,469 women and 244,483 men followed for up to 7 to 20 years. Participants were asked to complete a questionnaire on their dietary habits. The results showed that increased fruit and vegetable consumption was associated with decreased risk of kidney cancer. More details can be found in the study.
Lee JE, Männistö S, Spiegelman D, Hunter DJ, Bernstein L, van den Brandt PA, Buring JE, Cho E, English DR, Flood A, Freudenheim JL, Giles GG, Giovannucci E, Håkansson N, Horn-Ross PL, Jacobs EJ, Leitzmann MF, Marshall JR, McCullough ML, Miller AB, Rohan TE, Ross JA, Schatzkin A, Schouten LJ, Virtamo J, Wolk A, Zhang SM, Smith-Warner SA. Intakes of fruit, vegetables, and carotenoids and renal cell cancer risk: a pooled analysis of 13 prospective studies. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2009 Jun;18(6):1730-9.