Vitamin A supplements reduce death rate among HIV-infected children

A randomized trial of vitamin A supplements in relation to mortality among human immunodeficiency virus-infected and uninfected children in Tanzania.

This study determined whether vitamin A supplements reduce the number of deaths among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected and uninfected children. 687 children with pneumonia were given vitamin A or a placebo. Their blood was then tested for HIV. Among HIV-infected children, vitamin A supplements reduced deaths – regardless of their cause – by 63%.Among uninfected children, vitamin A supplementation reduced deaths by 42%. The researchers indicated that vitamin A supplements are a low-cost measure to reduce deaths among HIV-infected children. More details can be found in the study.
Fawzi WW, Mbise RL, Hertzmark E, Fataki MR, Herrera MG, Ndossi G. Spiegelman D. A randomized trial of vitamin A supplements in relation to mortality among human immunodeficiency virus-infected and uninfected children in Tanzania. The Pediatric infectious disease journal; VOL: 18 (2); p. 127-33


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