Vitamin E consumption and the risk of coronary disease in women
The present study examined the benefits of vitamin E in the prevention of coronary heart disease in women. Over a period of up to eight years, data from more than 87,000 women between 34 and 59 years of age were evaluated. The study participants provided information about their eating habits, in particular their micronutrient intake, by filling out questionnaires. The study found that the use of dietary supplements containing vitamin E significantly reduced the risk of coronary heart disease, especially when taken for more than two years. Further details can be found in the study.
Heart attack and coronary artery disease The underlying disease process of coronary artery disease (CAD) is called arteriosclerosis. This process starts with a weakening of the blood vessel walls, most frequently caused by an insufficient dietary intake of vitamins and other micronutrients. This leads to an underproduction of collagen and other reinforcement molecules in the artery walls and to the initiation of a repair process to compensate for the growing instability of the wall. The arteriosclerotic plaques that – with time – narrow the blood flow in the coronary arteries is essentially an overshooting repair process for the vitamin-deficient coronary artery wall. A heart attack occurs when the already narrowed artery is clogged and the supply of oxygen and nutrients to billions of heart muscle cells is interrupted. Angina pectoris. Angina pectoris is the typical alarm signal for an increased risk of heart attack. Angina pectoris typically manifests as a sharp pain in the middle of the chest, which frequently radiates into the left arm, but can also manifest itself in other (untypical) symptoms.
Stampfer MJ, Hennekens CH, Manson JE, Colditz GA, Rosner B, Willett WC. Vitamin E consumption and the risk of coronary disease in women. N Engl J Med. 1993 May 20;328(20):1444-9.