Micronutrients reduce the risk of hip fracture

Summary This study analyzed the association between hip fractures and the intake of micronutrients such as calcium, magnesium, vitamin D and vitamin K. A survey provided data from both men and women. The results showed that an increased micronutrient intake is associated with a reduced risk of hip fracture. References Yumi Yaegashi, Toshiyuki Onoda, Kozo Tanno, Toru Kuribayashi, Kiyomi…

Multi-nutrient supplement reduces inflammation

Summary The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a multi-nutrient supplement on inflammation. 31 healthy and active people were included who completed one 28 day cycle of placebo and one 28 day cycle of multi-nutrient supplementation. The researchers discovered that the multi-nutrient supplement was effective in improving inflammation in both men…

Zinc supplementation reduces inflammation

Summary Aging is known to be associated with inflammation on the one hand and zinc deficiency on the other. This study therefore investigated whether zinc supplementation reduces inflammation in the elderly. 19 healthy elderly people participated in the study. The results showed that zinc supplementation reduced inflammation and, in contrast to other anti-inflammatory drugs, boosted…

Zinc decreases inflammatory response

Summary This study evaluated the effects of zinc supplementation on inflammation in sickle-cell disease (SCD), a disorder of red blood cells. 36 SCD patients were given either 25 mg zinc three times a day for 3 months or a placebo. Zinc-supplemented patients showed a significant decrease in inflammation. These results suggested that zinc supplementation reduced…

Zinc decreases inflammation

Summary In this review, recent findings regarding zinc supplementation in various diseases were presented. In particular, it was shown that zinc supplementation was effective in decreasing markers of inflammation, such as TNF-alpha and IL-1beta in elderly individuals and in patients with sickle cell disease-SCD (red blood cells disorder). In conclusion it was stated that zinc…

Zinc and micronutrient combinations improve gastrointestinal inflammation

Summary This review examined current evidence for the benefit of a dietary supplementation with zinc and other micronutrients in preventing micronutrient deficiencies which result from the conventional treatment of gastrointestinal inflammation. The collected studies showed that micronutrient supplementation can reduce inflammation in patients with gastrointestinal inflammation, boost their immune system and decrease drug side effects…

Vitamin K suppresses inflammation

Summary This study investigated the relationship between vitamin K intake and inflammation. The experiments were performed in rats with inflammation. The animals were either fed a vitamin K deficient diet or a diet supplemented with vitamin K. According to the researchers, the present study indicated that the supplementation with vitamin K suppresses inflammation. More details…

Vitamin C reduces the risk of gout

Summary The present study investigated the relationship between vitamin C intake and the risk of gout. Gout is the most common type of inflammatory arthritis. 46,994 participants with no history of gout were included in the study. Vitamin C intake was assessed every 4 years through questionnaires. The results showed that higher vitamin C intakes…

Vitamin E is effective against inflammation

Summary This study analyzed the relationship between vitamin E deficiency and lung injury that is accompanied by increased inflammation. The experiments in this study were performed with vitamin E-deficient mice and wild-type mice without vitamin E deficiency. The results indicated that compared to wild-type mice, vitamin E deficient mice had more severe lung damage. The…

Reduced vitamin C levels are associated with inflammation

Summary This study evaluated the association between vitamin C levels and peripheral arterial disease (PAD). PAD is a severe atherosclerotic condition frequently accompanied by inflammation. Vitamin C levels were analyzed in 85 PAD patients, 106 hypertensive (high blood pressure) patients without PAD and 113 healthy individuals. C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations (marker for inflammation) were also…

Vitamin D prevents inflammatory diseases

Summary The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between vitamin D and inflammatory markers (parameters that indicate the severity of inflammation), including tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α). 69 healthy women aged 25–82 years were involved in the study. The results revealed that higher vitamin D levels were associated with reduced TNF-α concentrations. Therefore,…

Quercetin reduces inflammation

Summary This study investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of quercetin. In animal models, quercetin treatment was found to reduce the protein HMGB1, a pro-inflammatory factor stimulated during endotoxemia (presence of bacterial toxins in the blood). The results showed that quercetin attenuates inflammation caused by endotoxemia. Further details can be found in the study. References Daolin Tang, Rui…

Omega-3 fatty acids from fish or fish oil supplements reduce inflammatory processes

Summary According to research, dietary omega-3 fatty acids have a variety of anti-inflammatory effects that may play a role in atherosclerosis. This review analyzed studies on the relation among omega-3 fatty acids (eicosapentaenoic acid, EPA, and docosahexaenoic acid, DHA), inflammation and atherosclerosis. A variety of biologic effects of EPA and DHA have been demonstrated in…

Green tea extract EGCG acts as a potent anti-inflammatory compound

Summary This article analyzed the anti-inflammatory properties of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG). ECGC is a catechin (natural compound) found in the green tea. The experiments showed that ECGC repressed free radicals and inhibited the inflammation development mediated by the white blood cells (neutrophils). The researchers concluded that ECGC is a potent anti-inflammatory compound with therapeutic potential. Further…

Vitamin C and E reduce postoperative inflammation

Summary The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of antioxidant supplementation (vitamin C plus vitamin E) on inflammatory values after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgery. Men undergoing ACL surgery were given either vitamin C plus vitamin E or a placebo. The researchers concluded that antioxidant supplementation attenuated the increase in inflammatory values…

Inflammation reduces vitamin B6 levels

Summary The aim of the present study was to examine the association between vitamin B6 status and inflammation. For this purpose, a human trial was performed together with experiments in an animal (rat) model of inflammation. The researchers found that inflammation was responsible for the depletion of vitamin B6 in animal and human tissues. Further…

Vitamin E reduces inflammation

Summary This study tested the hypothesis that vitamin E administration attenuates inflammatory factors (e.g. interleukins IL-6 and IL-1beta) in skeletal and cardiac muscles. The experiments were performed using mice. The researchers found that short-term vitamin E administration reduced inflammation by decreasing IL-6 and IL-1beta levels. Further details can be found in the study. References K…

Vitamin D reduces inflammation

Summary This study evaluated the relationship between vitamin D levels and leukocyte telomere length (LTL), a predictor of the inflammatory status. Vitamin D concentrations were measured in 2160 women and LTL was analyzed by a specific laboratory technique. The results showed that higher vitamin D concentrations were associated with reduced inflammation. Further details can be…

Green tea prevents inflammation

Summary This study was conducted to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effects of green tea. The study was performed with rats that were fed a pro-inflammatory (high-fructose) diet. The results suggested that drinking adequate amounts of green tea plays a role in the prevention of inflammation-related diseases. Further details can be found in the study. References Xiaojie…

The therapeutic potential of folic acid to treat amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)

Summary This study analyzed the link between familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (fALS), a common degenerative disease of the motor neuron system, and folic acid (FA). Mutations of the enzyme superoxide dismutase (SOD1) are involved in the development of this disease. Using a mice model, the present study demonstrated that SOD1 alteration leads to an increase…

Micronutrients are effective against inflammation

Summary The present study was conducted by the Dr. Rath Research Institute in California, USA. It investigated the effects of a micronutrient mixture against inflammation. The experiments were performed with human cells and mice and demonstrated an inhibitory effect of the micronutrients on various inflammatory mediators (cytokines, PGE2, COX2 and NfkB). The researchers thus concluded…

Epigallocatechin gallate inhibits inflammation

Summary This study analyzed the anti-inflammatory effects of epigallocatechin gallate (ECGC). The study was conducted with human cells. After treatment with EGCG, the initial step in vascular inflammation (endothelial exocytosis) was measured in these cells. The resulting data indicated that ECGC decreased vascular inflammation by increasing nitric oxide (NO), a compound involved in blood vessel…

Catechins support the suppression of inflammation-related colon cancer development

Summary This study investigated whether epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) and Polyphenon E (Poly E), a mixture of green tea catechins, suppress inflammation-related colon cancer. Colonic tumors were induced in male mice aged 5 weeks. The animals received drinking water containing EGCG or Poly E for 17 weeks. The results provided evidence that the tested micronutrient combination…

Zinc reduces inflammation in patients on kidney dialysis

Summary This study evaluated the effects of zinc supplementation on inflammation in kidney dialysis (hemodialysis) patients. Hemodialysis is the most common method used to treat kidney failure and is associated with increased inflammation. In the study, 55 hemodialysis patients were given zinc or placebo for 42 days. The results showed that zinc supplementation decreased inflammation…

Micronutrients protect against gingivitis

Summary This study analyzed the effect of a combination of vitamin C, amino acids and green tea extract on gingivitis (inflammation of the gums). The experiments were performed using human cells. The researchers found that the tested micronutrient combination had a great potential in preventing and treating gingivitis. Further details can be found in the…

Zinc reduces inflammation in obese patients

Summary The aim of this study was to clarify the relationship between zinc intake and inflammation in obese patients. Obesity is a condition associated with chronic inflammation. According to the study, individuals with low zinc levels showed signs of increased inflammation. The researchers concluded that zinc supplementation can reduce inflammation in obese patients. Further details…

Antioxidants suppress inflammation

Summary This study investigated whether a diet deficient in vitamin E is a risk factor for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a chronic inflammatory disorder that attacks the joints and other body parts. The experiments were performed using mice. The results showed that dietary deficiency of vitamin E increased inflammation. Furthermore, antioxidant supplementation (vitamin E, quercetin) was…

Vitamin C fights inflammation

Summary The present study evaluated the effects of vitamin C supplementation on smoking-related inflammation. A total of 10 smokers and 11 non-smokers were given 60 mg/day of vitamin C for four weeks. The researchers concluded that the vitamin C supplementation was effective in fighting inflammation in smokers. Further details can be found in the study.…

Resveratrol attenuates inflammation

Summary The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of resveratrol on colitis (inflammation of the colon). 6-week-old mice were randomly assigned to two dietary groups: one receiving a standard diet and the other one a diet enriched with resveratrol. After 30 days acute colitis was artificially induced. The results showed that the…

Anti-inflammatory effects of omega-3 fatty acids

Summary This review collected studies on the anti-inflammatory effects of omega-3 fatty acids, which are found primarily in fish oil. Animal and human studies have shown that dietary fish oil consumption suppresses pro-inflammatory factors and is beneficial in rheumatoid arthritis and asthma. Further details can be found in the study. References Philip C Calder  …

The role of curcumin in treating tendon inflammation

Summary This study evaluated the potential of curcumin in the treatment of tendinitis. Human cells were used to investigate the mechanism of curcumin action on the pro-inflammatory compound interleukin-1beta (IL-1β). The results demonstrated a potential benefit of curcumin in treating tendon inflammation through suppression of pro-inflammatory factors. Further details can be found in the study.…

Vitamin E and coenzyme Q10 reduce inflammation

Summary This study analyzed the effects of vitamin E and coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) supplementation on inflammation. Inflammation is associated with abnormalities in blood vessels. It can be induced by a high-fat diet and is associated with cardiovascular diseases. The experiments were performed with 21 baboons which were fed a high-fat diet for 7 weeks. The…

Curcumin as a complementary treatment for osteoarthritis

Summary This article provided a summary of the benefits of curcumin in osteoarthritis (OA). After evaluating recent scientific literature, it was found that curcumin can be considered as a complementary treatment for OA in humans. Further details can be found in the study. References Y Henrotin, A L Clutterbuck, D Allaway, E M Lodwig, P Harris, M Mathy-Hartert, M Shakibaei, A Mobasheri…

Anti-inflammatory effects of vitamin C

Summary This study examined the association between vitamin C and inflammation. 3258 men without cardiovascular diseases were included. Dietary habits and vitamin C intake were assessed by a questionnaire. The results suggested that vitamin C had anti-inflammatory effects in healthy men. Further details can be found in the study. References S Goya Wannamethee, Gordon D O…

The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of curcumin

Summary This review described the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory capacities of curcumin, its mode of action and its therapeutic usage against different diseases. The plant turmeric is a source of curcumin, which is commonly used as a spice and food-coloring agent. The review stated that curcumin modulates enzymes involved in inflammatory processes and exerts chemopreventive effects…

Resveratrol reduces obesity-induced inflammation

Summary Obesity is characterized by an abnormal accumulation of fat (adipose) tissue and is associated with chronic inflammation. Against this background, the present study investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of resveratrol in human fat tissue. The experiments were performed on human adipose tissue explants and highlighted the anti-inflammatory effects of resveratrol, thus suggesting health benefits for…

Resveratrol fights inflammation

Summary This study evaluated the effects of an extract from Polygonum cuspidatum (PCE), commonly called Japanese knotweed, on inflammation. This plant is an important source of resveratrol. During the study, 20 normal-weight healthy individuals were given either a placebo or PCE containing 40 mg resveratrol daily for 6 weeks. The researchers found that the PCE…