Vitamin E decreases inflammation

Summary Diabetic persons have an increased propensity to atherosclerosis, which is a chronic inflammatory condition. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of vitamin E supplementation on inflammation in diabetic patients and healthy people. The researchers found that vitamin E decreased inflammation in both groups. It was therefore concluded that vitamin…

Effects of vitamin E on inflammation

Summary This review analyzed scientific studies on the impact of vitamin E on age-associated changes in inflammation. Among other things, the following was pointed out: The dysfunction of the cells, which occur in the elderly, leads to an impaired immune system and increased inflammation. Vitamin E can improve the cell function and reduce inflammation at…

Antioxidant effect of curcumin in pancreatitis

Summary This study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of curcumin with piperine (plant-derived compound) on oxidative stress (imbalance between free radicals production and the body antioxidant defenses) in patients with tropical pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas, TP). 20 patients with TP were randomly assigned to receive either 500 mg of curcumin with 5 mg…

Nutrient mixture protects against inflammation

Summary This study investigated whether a special nutrient mixture is able to fight inflammation. The experiments were performed using human cells. The results showed that the mixture of vitamin C, tea-derived compounds and selected amino acids had a strong potential against inflammation. Further details can be found in the study. References Lesley E Rhodes, Hassan Shahbakhti, Richard…

Eicosapentaenoic acid protects against skin cancer

Summary In this study, omega-3 fatty acids were evaluated for their protective effect against skin cancer induced by sunlight, i.e. ultraviolet radiation. The study included 42 healthy participants who were given 4 g daily of purified omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid, (EPA) or monounsaturated, oleic acid, for 3 months. Supplementation of the omega-3 fatty…

Vitamin megadose decreases tumor recurrence in bladder cancer patients

Summary This study examined the benefits of vitamin supplements in the prevention of bladder cancer. 65 bladder cancer patients receiving Bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) vaccination for cancer treatment were enrolled in the study. In addition to this treatment, the participants were given multiple vitamins in the recommended daily allowance (RDA) or RDA multivitamins plus 40,000 units…

Lysine reduces tumor growth

Summary The present study was conducted to evaluate the biological effect of the natural amino acid lysine (i.e. its isopeptides) on tumor growth. To this end, the compound was tested on human leukemia cells (in vitro) and on leukemia tumors in mice (in vivo). It was found that lysine inhibited cancer cell growth (proliferation) both…

Multivitamin supplementation reduces cancer risk

Summary This placebo-controlled double-blind study carried out by the Harvard Medical School investigated whether long-term multivitamin supplementation decreases the risk of cancer among men. 14,641 men aged 50 years or older, including 1312 men with a history of cancer, were included. In the study of 14 years, participants were given daily doses of a multivitamin…

Vitamin D deficiency is associated with diabetes

Summary The objective of this study was to determine whether vitamin D deficiency was associated with type 2 diabetes among HIV-infected patients. Data were obtained from all participants enrolled in the prospective Modena (Italy) HIV Metabolic Clinic Cohort. Results showed that HIV-infected patients with diabetes had lower vitamin D levels compared with those without diabetes.…

Vitamin D reduces diabetes risk

Summary The aim of this review was to examine the association between vitamin D status and the incidence of type 2 diabetes. A total of 19 studies was included. This analysis showed that individuals with the highest vitamin D status (>25 ng/ml) had a 43% lower risk of developing diabetes. Further details can be found in…

Resveratrol has beneficial effects on diabetes-induced kidney disease

Summary This study aimed to investigate the protective effects of resveratrol in early-stage diabetes-induced kidney disease (diabetic nephropathy, DN). The experiment was performed in diabetic rats. The results suggested that resveratrol protects against oxidative stress, i.e. an imbalance between the production of free radicals and the ability of the body to counteract their harmful effects…

Resveratrol protects diabetic kidney

Summary The present study explored the protective effects of resveratrol in diabetes-induced kidney disease (diabetic nephropathy) by assessing markers of oxidative stress. Oxidative stress is an imbalance between free radicals production and the body’s antioxidant defenses. The analysis demonstrated the protective nature of resveratrol by attenuating markers of oxidative stress in renal tissues of diabetic…

Resveratrol ameliorates diabetes-induced kidney disease

Summary This study examined the beneficial effects of resveratrol on diabetes-induced kidney disease (diabetic nephropathy). Diabetic rats were treated with or without resveratrol at 0.75mg/kg body weight 3 times a day for 8 weeks. The results revealed that resveratrol ameliorates changes associated with early diabetic nephropathy. Further details can be found in the study. References…

Mediterranean diet prevents diabetes

Summary This study was performed to test the effects of two Mediterranean diets on the incidence of diabetes. 418 non-diabetic adults aged 55-80 years were randomly assigned to a control group or to one of two Mediterranean Diets, supplemented with either free virgin olive oil or nuts. The researchers found that Mediterranean Diets were effective…

Quercetin attenuates kidney damage in diabetic nephropathy

Summary Oxidative stress (imbalance between free radicals production and the body´s antioxidant defenses) is one of the major mechanisms involved in the development of diabetic nephropathy. This study examined the link between quercetin (antioxidant), diabetes and diabetic nephropathy (renal dysfunction). Quercetin (10 mg/kg per day) was given for 4 weeks in both control and diabetic…

Magnesium supplementation prevents diabetes

Summary C-reactive protein is a marker for inflammation and higher concentrations are associated with an increased risk for diabetes. This study determined whether magnesium supplementation modifies C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels in healthy adults with prediabetes (high blood sugar levels but not in the diabetes range) and low magnesium levels (hypomagnesemia). A total of 62 men…

Curcumin improves kidney function in diabetes

Summary The present study was designed to examine the effect of curcumin on kidney (renal) function and oxidative stress (imbalance between free radicals and the body antioxidant defenses) in diabetes. Diabetic rats were divided into four groups, namely control rats, diabetic rats and diabetic rats treated with curcumin (15 and 30 mg/kg) for 2 weeks.…

Anti-diabetic potential of resveratrol

Summary This study investigated the effects of resveratrol in regulating hyperglycemia (high blood sugar levels), pro-inflammatory factors, insulin secretion and antioxidant defenses in diabetes. Oral resveratrol was administered (5 mg/kg body weight) to diabetic rats for 30 days. The results of the present investigation demonstrated that resveratrol exhibited significant anti-diabetic effects by attenuating hyperglycemia, enhancing…

Vitamin E reduces cancer risk

Summary This study evaluated the beneficial effects of vitamin E in head and neck cancers. The findings suggest that a sufficient intake of vitamin E reduces the risk of cancer. Vitamin E was also found to protect against the toxic effects of bleomycin, a drug used in conventional cancer treatment. Further details can be found…

Health benefits of micronutrients

Summary This review evaluated studies on the role of natural compounds and micronutrients in cancer prevention. Carotenoids (i.e. beta-carotene, a precursor of vitamin A), vitamins C and E, selenium and other compounds derived from plants (dithiolthiones, glucosinolates, indols, isothiocyanates, flavonoids, phenols, protease inhibitors, plant sterols, allium compounds and limonene) were found to have anti-cancer effects.…

Polyphenols reduce tumor markers for prostate cancer

Summary This randomized controlled double-blind study examined the effects of a polyphenol-rich nutritional supplement on prostate-specific antigen (PSA), an important tumor marker for prostate cancer. Towards this goal, over a period of 6 months, 199 prostate cancer patients with an average age of 74 years received either a capsule containing various micronutrients – pomegranate, green…