Efficacy of micronutrients against HIV

Summary This review collected scientific studies on the efficacy of micronutrients against HIV. The results were as follows: N-acetylcysteine and alpha-lipoic acid interrupted the virus activation, glutamine improved glutathione (antioxidant) levels and carnitine was effective in the (nutritional) treatment of HIV. More details can be found in the publication. References L Patrick   Link to…

N-acetylcysteine inhibits inflammation in AIDS/HIV

Summary People infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) suffer from inflammation and depleted glutathione (antioxidant) levels. Inflammation itself can lead to decreased levels of glutathione. This study evaluated the ability of N-acetylcysteine to interfere with these mechanisms. The results showed that N-acetylcysteine was able to inhibit inflammation and replenish depleted glutathione levels. The researchers suggested…

Vitamin C inhibits human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

Summary This study investigated the effect of vitamin C on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The experiments were performed with cells. The results showed that vitamin C inhibits HIV by interfering with specific enzymes that allow the virus to spread. Further details can be found in the study. References S Harakeh, A Niedzwiecki, R J Jariwalla   Link…

Arginine: a therapeutic option for treating AIDS/HIV infection

Summary Conventional drugs used to treat human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) infection can increase the activation of the virus. This review analyzed studies on the effect of the natural amino acid arginine in fighting AIDS/HIV infection. The results showed that arginine did not increase HIV activation. The researchers concluded that these observations, together…

Vitamin C decreases the survival of HIV-infected cells

Summary This study evaluated the effects of vitamin C uptake on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The experiments were performed with HIV-infected and uninfected cells. The results showed that exposure to high concentrations of vitamin C decreased the growth (proliferation) and survival of the HIV-infected cells. Further details can be found in the study. References C…

Green tea extract prevents HIV infection

Summary This study evaluated the effectiveness of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a green tea compound, against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The experiments confirmed that EGCG is effective in inhibiting CD4-gp120 binding, which is the initial step of HIV entry into the cells. In the first stage of infection HIV attacks CD4 cells that normally support…

Green tea extract fights HIV infection

Summary This study evaluated the effects of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a green tea compound, on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. In the first stage of infection HIV attacks CD4 cells that normally support the immune system function. The interaction between HIV and CD4 cells is made possible by the so called gp120 molecule that is…

Vitamins improve weight gain in HIV-infected pregnant women

Summary This study examined the effects of multivitamin and vitamin A supplements on the body weight of immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected pregnant women. 1075 pregnant, HIV-positive women were given multivitamins (thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, folic acid, and vitamins B-6, B-12, C, and E), vitamin A, multivitamins including vitamin A, or no supplementation on a daily basis. Weight…

Micronutrient supplementation is beneficial in HIV-infected adults

Summary This study investigated whether a specific micronutrient supplementation is effective and safe in delaying the progression of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. 878 HIV-infected adults were investigated. Over the period of 2 years, the study participants took a single supplement containing multivitamins and selenium. The supplement was found to be effective in reducing the…

Vitamin C controls HIV infection

Summary This study investigated the effects of vitamin C (ascorbic acid) and its calcium salt (Ca-ascorbate), glutathione (GSH) and N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The experiments were performed with cells. The results showed that continuous presence of vitamin C was necessary for HIV suppression. Furthermore, NAC conferred a synergistic effect when tested simultaneously…

Beneficial effects of vitamin C in HIV/AIDS

Summary Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) is a pro-inflammatory factor whose levels are elevated in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). This study evaluated the effect of vitamin C (ascorbic acid) on virus activation following treatment with inflammatory factors. The experiments were performed with cells. The results showed that vitamin C reduced…

Multivitamin supplementation delays HIV progression

Summary This study examined the effects of a daily intake of micronutrient supplements containing vitamin A, multivitamins (vitamins B, C, and E) or both on progression of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). 1078 pregnant women infected with HIV were investigated. The results showed that multivitamin supplements delayed the virus progression and the initiation of antiretroviral therapy…

Arginine supplementation is safe for HIV/AIDS patients

Summary This study evaluated the safety and efficacy of supplemental arginine in persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). 11 HIV-infected adults received either arginine or a placebo for 14 days. The results showed that short-term arginine supplementation is safe for persons with HIV/AIDS. Further details can be found in the…

Omega-3 fatty acids prevent mental decline

Summary Alzheimer’s disease is the leading cause of dementia and the most common neurodegenerative disease in the elderly. This review analyzed epidemiological, dietary intervention and supplementation studies on Alzheimer’s disease. According to the review, the studies supported the role of omega-3 fatty acids in the prevention or delay of mental decline (reduction of brain function)…

Omega-3 fatty acids reduce inflammation in Alzheimer’s disease

Summary Neuroinflammation, an inflammation of the nervous system, is a characteristic of a multitude of nervous system disorders. This review summarized 61 studies that tested the effect of omega-3 on neuroinflammation in various diseases, including Alzheimer’s disease. The results showed that omega-3 fatty acids have anti-inflammatory properties and can fight neuroinflammation in this brain disease.…

Micronutrient supplement improves brain function

Summary The present study examined the effect of a micronutrient combination on brain function. The supplement consisted of curcumin, piperine, epigallocatechin gallate, α-lipoic acid, N-acetylcysteine, B vitamins, vitamin C and folate and was administered for 6 months to mice affected by Alzheimer´s disease. The results of this examination revealed that the micronutrient combination improved brain…

Flavonoids are effective protective agents against Alzheimer’s disease

Summary The brains of patients with Alzheimer’s disease have an abundance of amyloid plaques, made up of protein fragments. The excessive accumulation of these proteins is believed to be a key mechanism responsible for brain cell death in Alzheimer’s disease. The present study aimed to identify flavonoids (naturally occurring compounds) that could inhibit amyloid plaques-induced…

Vitamin E inhibits Alzheimer’s progression

Summary This study determined if vitamin E, the drug memantine, or a combination of both slow the progression of Alzheimer´s disease. 613 patients affected by Alzheimer´s disease received either vitamin E, memantine, vitamin E and memantine combined, or a placebo. It was discovered that vitamin E administration led to a slower progression of the disease.…

Vitamin E protects against dementia

Summary This study analyzed the relationship between blood levels of vitamin E and dementia. Blood levels of vitamin E were investigated in 1033 participants aged 65 years and older. The results showed that higher vitamin E blood levels can provide significant protection against mental impairment and dementia in elderly people. Further details can be found…

Vitamin B1 improves mental function

Summary This study evaluated the effects of thiamine (vitamin B1) in patients with Alzheimer’s disease. Patients received either vitamin B1 or an ineffective placebo for 3 months. 11 participants completed the study. The results demonstrated that vitamin B1 supplementation improved the mental function of Alzheimer’s patients, as compared to those taking a placebo. More details…

Vitamin B prevents decline in mental ability

Summary This study evaluated the effects of vitamin B supplementation on dementia, which is a broad category of brain diseases that cause a decline in mental ability. Data from elderly people were analyzed, revealing that B-vitamin supplementation can slow the shrinking of brain regions that are affected by Alzheimer’s disease and that are associated with…

Low blood levels of vitamins and carotenoids are related to Alzheimer’s disease

Summary This study investigated blood levels of vitamins and carotenoids in Alzheimer’s patients. Data from patients with Alzheimer’s disease were compared with data from participants without the disease. The results showed that Alzheimer’s patients had significantly lower levels of vitamin A, vitamin E and beta-carotene. In view of this result, the present study is a…

Low blood levels of vitamin E are associated with developing Alzheimer’s disease

Summary Oxidative stress is an imbalance between the production of free radicals and the ability of the body to counteract their harmful effects through neutralization by antioxidants (i.e. vitamin E). The present study evaluated whether oxidative stress has a role in the progression of cognitive impairment to Alzheimer’s disease. Data from 70 patients with mild…

Natural compound inositol improves symptoms of Alzheimer’s

Summary This study investigated the effects of the natural compound inositol in patients with Alzheimer´s disease. The symptoms associated with this disease include difficulties with memory, language, thinking, orientation, and others. 11 patients were treated with inositol or with glucose for one month. The results showed that inositol significantly improved language and orientation in Alzheimer’s…

B vitamins slow cognitive impairment

Summary Homocysteine, an amino acid found in the blood, is a risk factor for dementia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI), a possible early stage of dementia that can involve problems with memory, language, thinking and judgment that are greater than normal age-related changes. This study evaluated whether blood levels of homocysteine can be lowered by…

Vitamin D prevents Alzheimer’s disease

Summary This study determined the relationship between dietary intake of vitamin D and dementia. 498 women without dementia, Alzheimer’s disease or other dementias were included. The intakes of vitamin D from the diet were estimated by food questionnaires. The results showed that higher intakes of vitamin D were associated with a lower risk of developing…

Vitamin E reduces risk of Alzheimer’s disease

Summary This study investigated the association between blood levels of vitamin E and the occurrence of Alzheimer’s disease among older individuals. 232 people without dementia were followed-up to 6 years to detect signs of Alzheimer’s disease. The investigation revealed that high blood levels of vitamin E were associated with a reduced risk of Alzheimer’s disease…

Omega-3 fatty acid DHA preserves brain function

Summary This review collected scientific studies on the effects of the omega-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on brain function. A large number of studies has reported beneficial effects of dietary DHA supplementations on memory and cognition. In this publication, the authors described the important potential of DHA to preserve neuronal and brain functions. They…

B vitamins slow mental decline

Summary Homocysteine, an amino acid found in the blood, represents a risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease. This study evaluated the relationship among homocysteine, Alzheimer’s disease and levels of B vitamins in the blood. 266 participants with cognitive (mental) impairment were given either folic acid, vitamin B12 and vitamin B6 or a placebo for 2 years.…

Pycnogenol improves memory function

Summary This study examined the effects of the natural compound pycnogenol (pine bark extract) in healthy people. For 3 months, 101 elderly participants were given a daily dose of 150 mg of pycnogenol. At the beginning, during and end of the treatment, the participants completed different mental tasks, comprising memory tests and other measures. The…

Vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency are associated with Alzheimer´s disease

Summary This study evaluated the relationship between blood levels of vitamin D and Alzheimer´s disease. Data were collected from 318 participants. The results showed that vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency were associated with Alzheimer´s disease. Further details can be found in the study. References J S Buell, B Dawson-Hughes, T M Scott, D E Weiner, G E Dallal, W Q…

Micronutrient supplementations decrease health risks associated with hepatitis

Summary This study analyzed the effects of the standard treatment of hepatitis (pegylated interferon combined with ribavirin) on the blood levels of specific micronutrients (i.e. B vitamins and iron). 152 healthy participants and 109 patients with hepatitis C, an inflammatory disease of the liver, were investigated. The results revealed that hepatitis treatment depleted micronutrient levels…