Combined vitamin A and zinc supplementation leads to significant reduction of malaria morbidity in African children

Summary This study, conducted by researchers from Burkina Faso, the USA, and Austria, investigated the effects of a combined vitamin A and zinc supplementation on Malaria morbidity in children aged between 6 and 72 months in Burkina Faso. Children were divided into two groups of each 74 participants. One group received the micronutrient supplement, and…

Vitamin A supplementation improves health of Malaria-infected pregnant women

Summary The present study investigated the effect of vitamin A supplementation in pregnant Malaria-infected women in Nigeria. 152 Malaria-infected pregnant women were involved; 76 received a vitamin A supplement 3 times a week (once daily), and 76 participants received a placebo without active ingredients. The pregnant women were followed up until the delivery of their…

Zinc, vitamin A and other micronutrients reduce diarrhea symptoms

Summary According to an Indian study, supplementation with zinc and vitamin A combined with other micronutrients could be efficient in treating children with acute diarrhea. The study examined the effects of different micronutrient combinations in children aged between 6 and 24 months with diarrhea and moderate dehydration. The study results were compared to the outcomes…

Zinc prevents respiratory tract infections and diarrheal disease in children

Summary According to a study conducted by several Colombian research institutes, zinc supplementation can have beneficial effects in preventing upper respiratory tract infections and diarrheal infectious diseases in children. 355 children were involved in this study. During 12 months, the test group, including 174 healthy children aged between 6 and 12 months, received a daily…

Zinc supplementation reduces number of acute lower respiratory infections in children

Summary This study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of zinc in children with acute lower respiratory infections. The children, aged less than 5 years, received either a zinc supplement or a placebo product for 60 days. Zinc supplementation led to a significantly lower number of cases of acute lower respiratory infections (20.8% vs. 45.8%)…

Vitamin D essential in treating hepatitis C infections

Summary According to this Egyptian study, vitamin D is an essential micronutrient in treating viral hepatitis C infections. The study involved 66 children diagnosed with hepatitis C and 28 healthy children. All participants received conventional therapy, with 33 patients additionally receiving a vitamin D supplement. Several parameters were measured to determine the effectiveness of the…

The beneficial effects of zinc supplements on the incidence of pneumonia and diarrhea in children

Summary Infectious diseases are associated with high morbidity and mortality rates in children in developing countries. A study conducted by several Bengali and American researchers investigated the effects of a weekly zinc supplementation on the incidence of pneumonia and diarrhea in children in Bangladesh. The study participants – children aged between 60 days and 12…

Zinc supplementation reduces costs and duration of acute diarrhea in children

Summary This Philippian study investigated the cost-effectiveness of zinc supplementation in children with acute diarrhea. 117 diarrhea patients aged between 2 and 59 months were involved in this trial. 60 patients received zinc in combination with a conventional oral rehydration solution (standard treatment), and 57 patients received only the conventional treatment. The results showed a…

Zinc supplementation in children with cholera

Summary A study conducted by Bengali researchers investigated the impact of zinc supplementation in children with cholera. The study involved 179 children with diarrhea and positively tested on cholera microbes. 90 patients received a daily zinc supplementation combined with the conventional therapy (antibiotics); 89 patients received a placebo in addition to the conventional treatment. Among…

Vitamin D deficiency in COVID-19 patients

Summary This study by several Iranian research institutes investigated the connection between vitamin D levels and the severity of COVID-19 infections. 123 people participated in this study, including 63 COVID-19 patients and 60 healthy participants. The study showed that COVID-19 patients had significantly lower vitamin D levels and a significantly higher number of ACE receptors,…

Zinc helps against infection and inflammation

Summary Zinc is a micronutrient essential in maintaining a well-functioning immune system. Its deficiency can induce dysfunctions of the immune system and make people more susceptible to infectious diseases. Inflammations are also related to zinc deficiency since zinc has an important influence on pro-inflammatory factors in the human body. In addition to an adequate diet,…

Vitamin C improves immune cell function

Summary Immune cells require large amounts of vitamin C to function well. An increased turnover of vitamin C in the body due to, for instance, stress and illness can induce vitamin C deficiency when its intake is too low. Several immune processes are influenced by vitamin C. Consequently, a sufficient level of vitamin C is…

Omega-3 fatty acids reduce inflammatory processes

Summary According to several studies, omega-3 fatty acids have beneficial effects on inflammatory processes in the whole body. This is because omega-3 fatty acids inhibit several factors inducing inflammations. Animal studies have shown that omega-3 fatty acids are beneficial in treating inflammatory diseases like Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Rheumatoid Arthritis, and asthma. More details can be…

The therapeutic effects of curcumin

Summary Curcumin has shown significant regulating effects on immune cells and, thereby, beneficial effects in modulating the immune system, which is involved in inflammations and other chronic diseases. There is a lower incidence of chronic diseases in people from countries where curcumin is consumed. This is due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Studies have…

The beneficial effect of curcumin on inflammation

Summary An increasing number of scientific studies show that natural supplements significantly improve immune function. Supplements have gained importance due to their minimal side effects, low costs, and abundance. More than 7000 articles reported about the various positive aspects of curcumin, including, among others, its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Therefore, curcumin could be a therapeutic…

Curcumin can help in the prevention and treatment of several common diseases

Summary According to several studies, curcumin could be beneficial in the prevention and treatment of common diseases, including infectious diseases. Curcumin has, among others, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory and anti-microbial effects, making it an effective substance to inhibit related diseases. Additionally, curcumin is inexpensive, does not have any adverse side effects, and could also be a beneficial…

Quercetin supplementation helps fight inflammation

Summary Quercetin is known for its antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effects. An Iranian study investigated the effects of quercetin supplementation on inflammation and oxidative stress in amateur athletes. 60 participants were involved, which were divided into 4 subgroups of each 15 participants. In the course of 8 weeks, one subgroup received quercetin and vitamin C, one…

Vitamin D prevents respiratory infections in patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Summary In this study, researchers aimed to investigate the (preventive) effect of vitamin D supplementation on the incidence of seasonal flu and respiratory tract infections in patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) during the winter and early spring. 223 patients with IBD were included and categorized in two groups: One test group received a vitamin…

The influence of micronutrient deficiency on COVID-19 incidence

Summary This Korean study investigated the effects of several essential micronutrients on the incidence of COVID-19 infections. To this end, several micronutrients were measured in 50 hospitalized patients with COVID-19. This study showed that 76% of these patients were vitamin D deficient, and 42% were selenium deficient. Furthermore, the COVID-19 group showed lower vitamin D…

Vitamin D deficiency increases COVID-19 risk

Summary A study conducted by the University of Chicago examined the association between vitamin D levels and other clinical characteristics related to COVID-19. 489 patients were involved. Patients with a deficient vitamin D level showed a 1.77 times greater risk to test positive for COVID-19. This study showed a direct association between vitamin D deficiency…

Vitamin D improves mortality rate in COVID-19 patients

Summary This study, conducted by Turkish researchers, investigated the effect of vitamin D levels on COVID-19 severity and mortality in 149 COVID-19 patients. Results showed that patients with critical complaints had significantly lower vitamin D levels than patients with moderate COVID-19 complaints. Vitamin D insufficiency was measured in 93.1% of the patients with critical complaints.…

Vitamin D reduces negative consequences in COVID-19 patients

Summary This study, conducted by several Iranian and American research institutes, investigated the association between vitamin D levels and its effect on several adverse clinical outcomes and parameters related to immune function and mortality rate in 235 COVID-19 patients. This study showed a significant association between vitamin D sufficiency, less severe clinical complaints, and better…

Micronutrient combination can lower LDL cholesterol

Summary This clinical cross-over study from Italy investigated the lipid-lowering effect of monacolin K, L-arginine, coenzyme Q10, and ascorbic acid. The study involved 20 patients with high cholesterol levels who supplemented their diet with the micronutrients mentioned above for 8 weeks. Subsequently, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL), triglycerides, fasting…

Folic acid can reduce stroke risk in patients with cardiovascular disease

Summary A meta-analysis was used to examine the effect of folic acid supplementation in patients with cardiovascular diseases. A total of 12 randomized controlled trials with 47,523 participants were evaluated. The researchers found that supplementation led to a significantly reduced risk of stroke in patients with cardiovascular disease. Further details can be found in the…

Coenzyme Q10 can lower lipid levels in patients with coronary heart disease

Summary A systematic review and meta-analysis were used to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation with coenzyme Q10 on the lipid profile of patients with coronary heart disease. The lipid profile is considered an important indicator for the development of heart disease. 8 studies were included, with 267 participants in intervention groups and 259 in…

Dietary intake of vitamins can reduce risk of cardiovascular disease

Summary This study investigated the effects of an increased dietary intake of vitamin C, carotenoids, and α-tocopherol (vitamin E) on the risk of cardiovascular disease. For this purpose, 69 prospective studies were analyzed that included participants who adjusted their diet according to an increased vitamin intake. The result showed that the intake of vitamin C,…

Coenzyme Q10 improves muscle complaints under statin therapy

Summary Cholesterol-lowering drugs, so-called statins, are intended to prevent heart attacks or strokes in people with coronary heart disease. However, they are associated with several side effects. This meta-analysis evaluated the effect of dietary supplementation with coenzyme Q10 on statin-induced muscle damage. The analysis of 12 studies with 575 patients showed that coenzyme Q10 can…

Supplements containing antioxidant micronutrients and glutamine improve wound healing

Summary A study conducted by several German researchers investigated 20 trauma patients with disorders in wound healing. For 14 days, these patients received a supplement containing antioxidant micronutrients. The level of micronutrients and other parameters were measured before and after the supplementation period. Additionally, the period of wound closure was measured. The results showed that…

Vitamin C supplementation positively affects common cold-induced asthma

Summary This study is an overview of three trials investigating the effect of vitamin C supplementation on cold-induced asthma attacks. In total, 79 people participated. All three studies found beneficial effects of vitamin C supplementation against asthma attacks and other asthma symptoms. According to these studies, the administration of vitamin C alleviates common cold symptoms…

Vitamin C reduces cold incidence in men with low vitamin C level

Summary Early signs of vitamin C deficiency often go unrecognized and may manifest as a reduced desire to be physically active. Moreover, it is often associated with increased cold duration and severity. A study conducted by several American institutes investigated the effects of vitamin C supplementation on physical activity and respiratory tract infections during the…