Vitamin B12 deficiency is common in HIV-infected patients

Summary This study assessed blood levels of vitamin B12 in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients. Blood levels of vitamin B12 were evaluated in 60 patients with HIV infection. The results showed that low blood levels of vitamin B12 are often found in HIV-infected patients. More details can be found in the study. References A F…

Vitamin B12 malabsorption in patients with HIV

Summary This study evaluated blood levels of vitamin B12 in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). 11 patients with AIDS and vitamin B12 malabsorption (poor intestinal absorption of vitamin B12) were investigated. In addition, 15% of 121 patients with AIDS and 7% of 27 patients without AIDS who were HIV-positive had low vitamin B12 levels.…

Efficacy of micronutrients against HIV

Summary This review collected scientific studies on the efficacy of micronutrients against HIV. The results were as follows: N-acetylcysteine and alpha-lipoic acid interrupted the virus activation, glutamine improved glutathione (antioxidant) levels and carnitine was effective in the (nutritional) treatment of HIV. More details can be found in the publication. References L Patrick   Link to…

Green tea compounds inhibit HIV

Summary This study determined the effects of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), one of the components of green tea, on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. HIV-infected cells were treated with EGCG. The results showed that EGCG strongly inhibited the replication of the virus. More details can be found in the study. References Gianfranco Fassina, Anna Buffa, Roberto Benelli, Oliviero E Varnier, Douglas…

Micronutrient supplementation is beneficial in HIV-infected adults

Summary This study investigated whether a specific micronutrient supplementation is effective and safe in delaying the progression of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. 878 HIV-infected adults were investigated. Over the period of 2 years, the study participants took a single supplement containing multivitamins and selenium. The supplement was found to be effective in reducing the…

Vitamin B12 supplementation reverses AIDS-associated dementia

Summary Decreased blood levels of vitamin B12 often occur in patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and can contribute to nervous system disorders that are frequently attributed to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This study evaluated the effect of vitamin B12 administration in a patient with AIDS and dementia. As it turned out, treatment…

Vitamins improve weight gain in HIV-infected pregnant women

Summary This study examined the effects of multivitamin and vitamin A supplements on the body weight of immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected pregnant women. 1075 pregnant, HIV-positive women were given multivitamins (thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, folic acid, and vitamins B-6, B-12, C, and E), vitamin A, multivitamins including vitamin A, or no supplementation on a daily basis. Weight…

Vitamin E and C reduce oxidative stress in HIV-infected patients

Summary Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients suffer from oxidative stress, which is characterized by an imbalance between the production of free radicals and the ability of the body to counteract their harmful effects. This study assessed the effect of an antioxidant vitamin supplementation on HIV-infected persons. 49 HIV-positive patients were given either vitamin E and…

Green tea extract fights HIV infection

Summary This study evaluated the effects of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a green tea compound, on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. In the first stage of infection HIV attacks CD4 cells that normally support the immune system function. The interaction between HIV and CD4 cells is made possible by the so called gp120 molecule that is…

Vitamin A supplementation improves health condition of HIV-infected children

Summary This study evaluated the effects of vitamin A supplementation in children born to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected women. 118 offspring of HIV-infected women were included in this investigation. The results showed that vitamin A supplementation for children of HIV-infected women appeared to be beneficial, particularly for diarrhea among HIV-infected children. More details can be…

Green tea extract prevents HIV infection

Summary This study evaluated the effectiveness of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a green tea compound, against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The experiments confirmed that EGCG is effective in inhibiting CD4-gp120 binding, which is the initial step of HIV entry into the cells. In the first stage of infection HIV attacks CD4 cells that normally support…

Vitamin C decreases the survival of HIV-infected cells

Summary This study evaluated the effects of vitamin C uptake on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The experiments were performed with HIV-infected and uninfected cells. The results showed that exposure to high concentrations of vitamin C decreased the growth (proliferation) and survival of the HIV-infected cells. Further details can be found in the study. References C…

Arginine: a therapeutic option for treating AIDS/HIV infection

Summary Conventional drugs used to treat human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) infection can increase the activation of the virus. This review analyzed studies on the effect of the natural amino acid arginine in fighting AIDS/HIV infection. The results showed that arginine did not increase HIV activation. The researchers concluded that these observations, together…

Vitamin C inhibits human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

Summary This study investigated the effect of vitamin C on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The experiments were performed with cells. The results showed that vitamin C inhibits HIV by interfering with specific enzymes that allow the virus to spread. Further details can be found in the study. References S Harakeh, A Niedzwiecki, R J Jariwalla   Link…

Micronutrient deficiencies are associated with HIV progression

Summary This study evaluated the relationship between blood levels of nutrients and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) progression. Proteins, zinc, iron and vitamins B1, B2, B6, B12, A, E, C and folate were measured in the blood of 108 HIV-positive men. The results showed that micronutrient deficiencies were associated with HIV progression. Further details can be…

N-acetylcysteine inhibits inflammation in AIDS/HIV

Summary People infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) suffer from inflammation and depleted glutathione (antioxidant) levels. Inflammation itself can lead to decreased levels of glutathione. This study evaluated the ability of N-acetylcysteine to interfere with these mechanisms. The results showed that N-acetylcysteine was able to inhibit inflammation and replenish depleted glutathione levels. The researchers suggested…

Beneficial effects of vitamin C in HIV/AIDS

Summary Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) is a pro-inflammatory factor whose levels are elevated in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). This study evaluated the effect of vitamin C (ascorbic acid) on virus activation following treatment with inflammatory factors. The experiments were performed with cells. The results showed that vitamin C reduced…

Patients infected with HIV have low blood levels of vitamin B12

Summary This study evaluated the blood levels of vitamin B12 in HIV patients who were treated with the anti-viral drug zidovudine. 200 HIV-infected persons were investigated. The results showed that decreased vitamin B12 levels were frequently found in HIV patients treated with the anti-viral therapy. Further details can be found in the study. References O…

Vitamin C controls HIV infection

Summary This study investigated the effects of vitamin C (ascorbic acid) and its calcium salt (Ca-ascorbate), glutathione (GSH) and N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The experiments were performed with cells. The results showed that continuous presence of vitamin C was necessary for HIV suppression. Furthermore, NAC conferred a synergistic effect when tested simultaneously…

Arginine supplementation is safe for HIV/AIDS patients

Summary This study evaluated the safety and efficacy of supplemental arginine in persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). 11 HIV-infected adults received either arginine or a placebo for 14 days. The results showed that short-term arginine supplementation is safe for persons with HIV/AIDS. Further details can be found in the…

Multivitamin supplementation delays HIV progression

Summary This study examined the effects of a daily intake of micronutrient supplements containing vitamin A, multivitamins (vitamins B, C, and E) or both on progression of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). 1078 pregnant women infected with HIV were investigated. The results showed that multivitamin supplements delayed the virus progression and the initiation of antiretroviral therapy…

Vitamin A supplements reduce death rate among HIV-infected children

Summary This study determined whether vitamin A supplements reduce the number of deaths among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected and uninfected children. 687 children with pneumonia were given vitamin A or a placebo. Their blood was then tested for HIV. Among HIV-infected children, vitamin A supplements reduced deaths – regardless of their cause – by 63%.Among…