Zinc supplementation improves immune response in children with Shigella infections

Summary This study, conducted by Bengali and Swedish research institutes, investigated whether short-term zinc supplementation improves the immune response in malnourished children with acute Shigella infections in Bangladesh. 28 children aged between 12 and 59 months were supplemented with zinc and other micronutrients daily for 2 weeks. A control group with 28 children received a…

Zinc supplementation in children with cholera

Summary A study conducted by Bengali researchers investigated the impact of zinc supplementation in children with cholera. The study involved 179 children with diarrhea and positively tested on cholera microbes. 90 patients received a daily zinc supplementation combined with the conventional therapy (antibiotics); 89 patients received a placebo in addition to the conventional treatment. Among…

Zinc supplementation helps malnourished children with infections of the intestines

Summary This study, conducted by a Bengali and an American research institute, investigated the effects of zinc supplementation in malnourished children with shigellosis (infection of the intestines caused by Shigella bacteria). The study was conducted in a Bengali hospital and included 56 moderately malnourished children between 12 and 59 months. The children received liquid zinc or a…

Vitamin A deficiency is associated with tuberculosis

Summary In this study the association between vitamin A deficiency and tuberculosis was investigated. 300 participants were categorized as mild tuberculosis and severe tuberculosis. The results showed that severe tuberculosis was associated with vitamin A deficiency. Further details can be found in the study. References T A Pakasi, E Karyadi, Y Wibowo, Y Simanjuntak, N M D Suratih, M Salean, N…

Micronutrients improve tuberculosis therapy

Summary Micronutrient deficiency is a key factor in the progression of tuberculosis. Based on this understanding, the present study evaluated the effect of a micronutrient supplementation, including vitamin A, B, C, E and selenium, in adults with tuberculosis. 471 adults infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and 416 HIV-negative adults with tuberculosis were investigated. The…

Green tea extract inhibits Mycobacterium tubercolosis

Summary This study evaluated the effects of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG, the main component of green tea) and triclosan (antibacterial agent) against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacterium that causes tuberculosis. The experiments showed that EGCG inhibited Mycobacterium tuberculosis and increased the inhibitory activity of triclosan against this bacterium. More details can be found in the study. References…

Vitamin D accelerates tuberculosis recovery

Summary This study evaluated the effect of vitamin D on tuberculosis, as indicated by “sputum culture conversion”, i.e. an analysis showing that a patient is cured of tuberculosis. 146 patients with tuberculosis were given either vitamin D or no supplementation. The results showed that vitamin D administration hastened recovery from tuberculosis. Further details can be…

Blood levels of antioxidants are reduced in tuberculosis patients

Summary This study evaluated the blood levels of antioxidants (vitamins C, E and glutathione) in tuberculosis patients and healthy persons. Reduced levels of antioxidants were found in tuberculosis patients who, consequently, were more susceptible to oxidative stress, which is an imbalance between the production of free radicals and the body´s antioxidant defences. More details can…

Vitamin E reduces the risk of stone formation in tuberculosis patients

Summary This study analysed oxidative stress – the imbalance between the production of free radicals and the body´s ability to counteract their harmful effects through antioxidants – in tuberculosis patients, which is a predisposing factor for renal stone formation. Patients were divided in four groups: healthy people, tuberculosis patients a day before treatment, tuberculosis patients…

Vitamin A and zinc improve tuberculosis treatment

Summary This study investigated whether vitamin A and zinc supplementation increases the efficacy of antituberculosis treatment. 80 patients with tuberculosis were divided into 2 groups: one group received vitamin A and zinc daily for 6 months. The second group received no supplementation. Additionally, both groups were given the standard treatment for tuberculosis. The results showed…