Micronutrient status affects immune response and infectious diseases in elderly

Summary This review, executed by a research institute in Boston, USA, gives an overview of different factors involved in aging in less developed countries. For instance, malnutrition and related micronutrient deficiencies account for many chronic diseases and increase the incidence of infectious diseases due to an impaired immune function. According to various studies, supplementation with…

Vitamin A supplementation is an effective measure to manage and control malaria infections in infants

Summary A study from Nigeria investigated the effects of high-dose vitamin A supplementation on malaria in infants. 152 pregnant women were involved who were at least 6 months pregnant. The participants were divided into two groups with 76 participants each: a supplementation group that received a vitamin A supplement 3 times a week and a…

Zinc supplementation in pregnant women may prevent placental malaria

Summary This study, conducted by several American, Tanzanian, and Canadian research institutes, aimed to investigate whether daily oral supplementation with vitamin A and/or zinc can reduce the risk of placental malaria and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Placental malaria is a life-threatening illness caused primarily by infection with a malaria-causing parasite. 2500 pregnant women were divided into…

Zinc sulfate as an effective preventive and therapeutic measure against the common cold

Summary This Turkish study aimed to determine the efficacy of prophylactic zinc sulfate treatment in reducing the common cold in children and evaluating the effectiveness of zinc sulfate in reducing the duration and severity of cold symptoms. 200 healthy children received a prophylactic oral zinc sulfate product (100 children) or placebo product (100 children) once…

The essential role of vitamin C and zinc in child health

Summary According to a Swiss study, micronutrient deficiency is a limiting factor in children’s health. Studies from several countries show that vitamin C and zinc deficiencies are increasing. Optimal micronutrient levels are essential for a well-functioning immune system and to combat infections. Deficiencies can induce an impaired immune defense. Vitamin C and zinc, for example,…

The beneficial effects of zinc supplements on the incidence of pneumonia and diarrhea in children

Summary Infectious diseases are associated with high morbidity and mortality rates in children in developing countries. A study conducted by several Bengali and American researchers investigated the effects of a weekly zinc supplementation on the incidence of pneumonia and diarrhea in children in Bangladesh. The study participants – children aged between 60 days and 12…

Zinc prevents respiratory tract infections and diarrheal disease in children

Summary According to a study conducted by several Colombian research institutes, zinc supplementation can have beneficial effects in preventing upper respiratory tract infections and diarrheal infectious diseases in children. 355 children were involved in this study. During 12 months, the test group, including 174 healthy children aged between 6 and 12 months, received a daily…