This study, conducted by the University of Kabul in Afghanistan, investigated the effects of vitamin D supplementation on children with diagnosed pneumonia. 453 children aged between 1 and 36 months and diagnosed with non-severe or severe pneumonia were included in the study. 224 patients received 100,000 IU of vitamin D, and 229 patients received a placebo, both in addition to the standard antibiotic therapy. The results showed a lower risk of recurrent pneumonia episodes within 90 days after supplementation in the test group. The children in this group also survived longer without experiencing repeated episodes. These results show that vitamin D supplementation could be a beneficial add-on therapy to antibiotic treatment. More details can be found in the study.
Manaseki-Holland et al.