This study, conducted by Indian research departments, aimed to investigate the differences in dietary intake of macro- and micronutrients in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, with and without food ulcers. Elderly type 2 diabetes patients with foot ulcers (79 patients) and type 2 diabetes patients without foot ulcers (59 patients) were studied. Among others, the patients’ glucose levels and lipid parameters were measured. Mean daily intake of macro- and micronutrients and trace elements was also quantified using a dietary assessment tool. In the diabetes type 2 patients with foot ulcers, the mean daily intake of carbohydrates, fats, and phosphorus was significantly higher. In contrast, the mean daily intake of proteins and micronutrients, including zinc, folic acid, iron, and carotene, was lower (deficient) than the recommended dietary allowance. According to the researchers, these results indicate that monitoring dietary intake and correcting nutritional deficiencies will aid in managing diabetic foot ulcers. More details can be found in the study.
Reddy et al.