Gestational diabetes, which involves maternal obesity, oxidative stress, and inflammation, is a common pregnancy complication. Several dietary compounds have shown beneficial effects on diabetes and inflammation. Two American research departments summarized knowledge from studies evaluating the associations between nutritional components (including antioxidant vitamins and minerals), maternal obesity, oxidative stress, and inflammation in women with gestational diabetes. This review revealed that gestational diabetes patients showed lower levels of vitamins A, C, and D in their blood. Supplementation with dietary compounds like vitamin D, zinc, and magnesium decreased inflammation and oxidative stress levels in these patients. More details can be found in the review.
Davis et al.