This study investigated the association between blood levels of the antioxidant lycopene, painkillers use and the risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Blood levels of antioxidants were measured in 201 patients with CKD and in 313 persons without the disease. The results showed that higher blood levels of lycopene were associated with lower risk of CDK. Moreover, a significantly higher risk of CDK was demonstrated in painkillers users than in non-users. More details can be found in the study.
Shou-Shan Chiang, Cheng-Wei Tai, Chi-Jung Chung, Horng-Sheng Shiue, Jin-Bor Chen, Chien-Tien Su, Yu-Mei Hsueh