This study assessed the effects of a combined vitamin D and probiotic supplementation on gestational diabetes. 87 women with gestational diabetes participated in the study. They were randomly assigned to three groups receiving either vitamin D plus probiotics (30 women), only probiotics (29 women), or a placebo (28 women) for 6 weeks. Vitamin D and probiotic supplementation significantly reduced fasting plasma glucose (sugar) and insulin levels compared with the placebo group. It also decreased lipid levels (including total cholesterol) and inflammation parameters. HDL-cholesterol levels significantly increased. Moreover, supplementation of vitamin D and probiotics improved lipid and inflammation levels. In conclusion, vitamin D and probiotics have beneficial effects on different metabolic factors in women with gestational diabetes. More details can be found in the study.
Jamilian, Amirani, Asemi