Inflammation resulting from oxidative stress and an imbalance of the (innate) immune system has been associated with obesity and other complaints related to the development and progression of diabetes type 2 (e.g., insulin resistance). Reducing oxidative stress levels could therefore be an option to improve diabetes-related complaints. This review, executed by the Public Health Agency of Canada, examined current knowledge linking oxidative stress, inflammation, and vitamin supplementation to the risk and development of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The study also investigated whether the attenuation of inflammation could be employed as a preventive measure against type 2 diabetes mellitus. Indeed. The researchers found that dietary supplementation, including vitamins D, C, and E, could be an effective strategy for preventing and controlling type 2 diabetes mellitus. Further details can be found in the review.
Garcia-Bailo et al.