Calcium and vitamin D improve bone metabolism

Changes in biochemical indices of bone metabolism in post-menopausal women following a dietary intervention with fortified dairy products.

This study compared the effects of consuming dairy products fortified with calcium and vitamin D to calcium supplementation alone. 101 women after menopause were given either calcium and vitamin D via fortified dairy products, calcium supplementation or no treatment. The results suggested that the consumption of calcium- and vitamin D-rich dairy products induced positive effects on bone metabolism, as compared to calcium supplementation alone. More details can be found in the study.
Manios Y, Moschonis G, Panagiotakos DB, Farajian P, Trovas G, Lyritis GP. Changes in biochemical indices of bone metabolism in post-menopausal women following a dietary intervention with fortified dairy products. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2009 Apr;22(2):156-65.


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