Taurine supplementation improves heart function

Summary This Iranian study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the amino acid taurine in patients with heart failure. 16 patients with heart failure were involved in the study and divided into two groups: a supplementation group (8 patients), receiving 500 mg taurine three times per day for two weeks, and a placebo group (8…

Taurine as a therapeutic agent

Summary This review by an American and a Korean research department discusses the diverse functions, effects, and mechanisms of taurine as a therapeutic agent. Cells lacking taurine develop several disorders. Various studies show the beneficial functions of taurine as a therapeutic agent in cardiovascular diseases such as heart failure, high blood pressure, and atherosclerosis. Further…

Taurine and heart disease

Summary This Canadian review gives an overview of the beneficial effects of taurine in cardiovascular diseases. Studies demonstrate that taurine has a protective role for cells. Additionally, literature also shows the antioxidant properties of taurine. Therefore, supplementation of taurine is necessary and should be considered to treat cardiovascular diseases. More details can be found in…

Magnesium effective as additional treatment in patients with cardiovascular disease

Summary This review by researchers from the University of Minneapolis, USA analyzed the results from clinical trials investigating the efficacy of magnesium supplementation for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Low magnesium levels are commonly observed in heart failure, diabetes, high blood pressure, and cardiovascular diseases. They are also a predictor for cardiovascular diseases and related…

Oral magnesium supplementation attenuates early stage atherosclerosis in women with high blood pressure

Summary This study, conducted by the universities of Rio de Janeiro and Glasgow, aimed to evaluate the effects of oral magnesium supplementation on blood pressure and vascular function in women with high blood pressure. The participants were divided into a group receiving a magnesium supplement (600 mg/day) and a group receiving a placebo. In addition,…

Multiple micronutrient supplementation benefits heart failure patients

Summary This review, executed by research departments from Romania and China, aimed to elucidate the role of multiple micronutrient supplementation in heart failure patients. For this review, several publications were evaluated, which investigated the efficacy of micronutrient supplementation in heart failure. These publications showed that micronutrient supplementation induces improved health outcomes in heart failure patients…

Taurine: Anti-inflammatory effects in patients with cardiovascular disease

Summary Taurine is a common substance in human tissues, which influences cell function, among others. This review, conducted by researchers from the University of Melbourne, gives an overview of the anti-inflammatory effects of taurine on cardiovascular diseases. Taurine has been shown, for instance, to prevent cardiovascular diseases, including coronary artery disease, inducing a prolonged life…

Combined magnesium and zinc supplementation beneficially affects patients with coronary artery disease and diabetes

Summary This study, executed by an Iranian and a Croatian university, aimed to analyze the effects of magnesium and zinc supplements on glucose levels, oxidative stress, and inflammation in patients with coronary artery disease and type 2 diabetes. In this study, 60 patients were divided into either a group receiving a placebo or a group…

Taurine supplementation prevents stroke-like episodes

Summary This study, conducted by several Japanese research departments, aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of high-dose taurine supplementation to prevent stroke-like events resulting from a genetic disorder. Therefore, 10 patients received a high-dosed taurine supplement for 52 weeks. 80% of the patients who were administered with taurine showed a reduced frequency of stroke-like…

L-carnitine administration shows beneficial effects in patients with beta-thalassemia

Summary This Iranian study investigated the effects of L-carnitine supplementation on the heart function of patients with beta-thalassemia, an inherited blood disorder associated with anemia that may lead to various heart conditions. During this study, 60 beta-thalassemia patients were divided into two groups and were treated with either L-carnitine or a placebo for 6 months.…

L-Carnitine supplementation useful in heart failure patients submitted to bypass surgery

Summary L-carnitine blood levels are reduced after coronary artery bypass surgery. Therefore, a Brazilian trial aimed to verify whether L-carnitine supplementation could be beneficial in the recovery of L-carnitine levels in heart failure patients submitted to bypass surgery. The participants were divided into a supplementation group, administered with an oral dose of 50 mg/kg L-carnitine…

Vitamin D supplementation improves vascular function in patients with chronic kidney disease (1)

Summary This study, conducted by Indian, Australian, and British research institutes, examined whether vitamin D supplementation can improve vascular function and subsequently decrease the mortality of patients with chronic kidney disease. 120 non-diabetic patients with moderate to severe kidney damage and vitamin D deficiency were involved in the study. The patients received a high-dose vitamin…

Vitamin C supplementation improves inflammation in obese adults

Summary Obesity is associated with chronic inflammation. Thus, this study investigated the anti-inflammatory capacity of vitamin C in obese patients. 64 obese participants with high blood pressure and/or diabetes and high levels of inflammatory markers were enrolled into either the experimental group (31 patients) or the control group (33 patients). The experimental group was treated…

Dietary supplements beneficially affect lipid and glucose levels

Summary Researchers from the University of Naples, Italy, aimed to evaluate the effects of specific dietary supplements on risk factors for cardiovascular disease, including elevated lipid and glucose levels. The study involved slightly overweight young adults aged between 20 and 27 years with elevated cholesterol levels and normal glucose metabolism. The participants received either a…

Coronary artery disease: Omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E show beneficial effects

Summary This Iranian study investigated the effects of a combined omega-3 and vitamin E supplementation in patients with coronary artery disease. Both substances play a critical role in regulating oxidative stress and inflammation processes. 60 male patients with coronary artery disease were involved in the study and categorized into three groups: the first group received…

B vitamins ameliorate cardiovascular risk

Summary A Chinese research institute aimed to investigate whether a daily vitamin B supply can improve the risk of cardiovascular diseases in healthy elderly. To this end, 390 healthy participants, aged 60 to 74 years, were administered with either vitamin C or vitamin C plus several B vitamins for 12 months daily. A risk predictor…

Phytosterols improve cardiovascular risk factors

Summary This Canadian review aimed to examine the ability of phytosterols – naturally occurring compounds in plant-based foods – to reduce risk factors of cardiovascular diseases. Studies showed that phytosterols can improve cholesterol levels. For instance, numerous clinical trials documented that 2 g of phytosterols per day decreases LDL cholesterol by 8–10%. Generally, phytosterols were…

Omega-3 fish oil reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases

Summary This study by Australian researchers investigated the effects of omega-3 fish oil supplementation on cardiovascular health. 20 young and healthy adults were involved in this study. Participants were divided into either a group receiving an omega-3 supplement or a placebo product. Among others, omega-3 levels and heart rate were measured. The results showed a…

Flavonoid-rich diet improves gut health

Summary A study executed by researchers from Germany and Northern Ireland showed that a diet rich in flavonoids improves gut health by creating a more diverse composition of the microbiome. The study was performed with 904 German people. Specifically, an association of up to 15% was observed between lower systolic blood pressure and flavonoid-rich food,…

Coenzyme Q10 helps prevent and treat cardiovascular diseases

Summary This review by Russian and Moldavian research institutes gives an overview of studies on the role of coenzyme Q10 in cardiovascular diseases. It shows that coenzyme Q10 supplementation can be a beneficial method to prevent and treat cardiovascular diseases, like high blood pressure, ischemic heart disease, myocardial infarction, heart failure, and heart muscle inflammation.…

A combination of lysine, zinc, and vitamin C reduces progression of diabetes

Summary Researchers from Sri Lanka and Australia examined the effects of a specific micronutrient product containing lysine, zinc, and vitamin C, on pre-diabetes. 110 participants were recruited and divided into two groups: an intervention group (participants receiving the micronutrient product) and a placebo group. The results showed that the micronutrient supplement improved important parameters involved…

Folic acid treatment decreases risk of stroke in Chinese men with high blood pressure

Summary This study, conducted by several Chinese and American research institutes, evaluated the effect of calcium levels on stroke risk and the efficacy of folic acid supplementation to prevent stroke among patients with high blood pressure (hypertension). 19644 males patients were included and divided into two groups. The patients received either a hypertension drug and…

Vitamin D protects against deep vein thrombosis

Summary A Turkish study examined whether vitamin D levels are related to deep vein thrombosis. It included 140 participants in the thrombosis group and 140 in the control group. Basic and general information about the participants (age, gender, height, weight and BMI), comorbidities and vitamin D levels were recorded and compared between the two groups.…

Coenzyme Q10 administration benefits patients with metabolic syndrome

Summary Researchers from three Iranian research institutes investigated the effects of coenzyme Q10 on several factors influencing metabolic syndrome. This new and common lifestyle disease includes high blood pressure, obesity, and increased glucose and cholesterol levels. This trial was performed with 60 patients, aged 40 to 85 years, with overweight or obesity, type 2 diabetes,…

Supplementation with vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids improves blood sugar and blood lipid levels in diabetes patients

Summary This Chinese study investigated the effect of a micronutrient supplement containing vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids on blood glucose and blood lipid levels in patients with gestational diabetes, i.e. a type of diabetes that can develop during pregnancy. 150 patients with gestational diabetes, aged between 18 and 40 years, were involved in this…

Coenzyme Q10 treatment lowers blood pressure and improves lipid and glucose levels

Summary This study by different Chinese research institutes investigated the effect of coenzyme Q10 on several risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in patients with abnormal blood lipid levels. 101 patients who did not take any lipid- or glucose-lowering drugs received coenzyme Q10 (120 mg) or a placebo daily for 24 weeks. Several parameters were measured…

Vitamin D protects heart cells after bypass surgery

Summary This trial was conducted by Iranian researchers who examined the effects of vitamin D on heart cell death and changes in parameters indicating inflammation in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass surgery. 70 patients were involved and divided into two groups. The patients received either a vitamin D supplement or a placebo for 3…

The beneficial role of nutrients for immunity

Summary This review, conducted by two Egyptian research centers, gives an overview of the role of various nutrients on immune function. Several studies showed, among others, that multiple micronutrients, essential fatty acids, some amino acids, but also pre- and probiotics boost the immune system and beneficially affect immune function. At the same time, micronutrient deficiencies…

Probiotics can reduce the risk of infectious diseases in athletes

Summary This review, conducted by several Australian research institutes, gives an overview of the effects of probiotics on immunity after intense physical exercise. Probiotics are well-known as modulators of the so-called microbiota. A well-functioning microbiota contains varied bacteria, which, among others, contribute to the regulation of the immune system and protection of the body from…

Ecuadorian elderly are often affected by micronutrient deficiency and infectious diseases

Summary According to this Ecuadorian study, micronutrient deficiencies and infectious diseases are common in the Ecuadorian elderly. In this study, 145 elderly were involved. It showed, among others, that participants in this group have deficiencies of zinc (50%), iron (44%), vitamin B12 (43%), vitamin D (19%), and folate (18%). Furthermore, an increased number of respiratory…

Sufficient zinc levels decrease pneumonia incidence in nursing home residents

Summary Zinc plays an important role in immune function. Therefore, a study executed by several research institutes in Boston, USA, investigated whether zinc concentrations in the blood are associated with the incidence and duration of pneumonia, use of antibiotics, and pneumonia-associated deaths. 578 residents of 33 nursing homes in Boston were involved. All participants received…

Vitamin C and zinc play essential role in immune function

Summary This review, conducted by Swiss researchers, gives an overview of several studies investigating the immune-enhancing effect of vitamin C and zinc and their influence on clinical conditions. The results showed that vitamin C concentrations rapidly decline during infections and that supplementation of vitamin C improves the function of the human immune system. Zinc deficiency…

Selenium deficiency increases susceptibility to influenza virus infections

Summary To determine if selenium deficiency intensifies an influenza infection, selenium-deficient mice were infected with a mild strain of the influenza virus. The results showed that selenium-deficient mice developed much more severe lung tissue inflammations than mice without selenium deficiency. The researchers concluded that an adequate intake of antioxidants, like selenium, is essential for a…

Probiotic bacteria reduce duration and severity of the common cold

Summary A German research institute conducted this study to investigate the long-term effects of probiotic bacteria consumption on various respiratory tract infections. To this end, 479 healthy adults were supplemented daily with vitamins and minerals, and additionally probiotic bacteria (test group) or without probiotic bacteria (control group). The intake of the probiotic led to a…

Selenium deficiency related to various infectious diseases

Summary This review gives an overview of the role of selenium deficiency on the development of several viral infectious diseases. According to numerous studies, selenium deficiency negatively affects the metabolic system, impairs the immune response, stimulates the progression of viral infectious diseases, and increases the number of harmful viral mutations. Additionally, some studies also showed…

Micronutrient deficiencies associated with impaired immune response and higher burden of respiratory infections

Summary This study, conducted by American and Ecuadorian researchers, investigated the effects of micronutrient deficiencies on the immune response and respiratory infections in elderly Ecuadorians. 352 elderly were involved in this study. Several important micronutrients for immune function were measured in the participants’ blood. The results showed that micronutrient deficiencies were associated with a high…

Selenium supplementation may suppress human immunodeficiency virus

Summary An American study investigated whether selenium administration may suppress a specific type of the human immunodeficiency virus. 262 participants infected with HIV initiated the treatment. 141 participants were treated with a selenium product (200 µg), and 121 participants received a placebo product during the first 9 months of this study. In total, 174 participants…

Increased selenium intake improves immune function and treatment of poliovirus infections

Summary This study, conducted by several British researchers, aimed to investigate whether additional selenium intake can improve immune function, support the treatment of poliovirus infections, and decrease mutations of the poliovirus in healthy British adults. Therefore, 22 British participants with relatively low plasma selenium levels received additional selenium (50 µg or 100 µg) or a…