Combined magnesium and zinc supplementation beneficially affects patients with coronary artery disease and diabetes

Summary This study, executed by an Iranian and a Croatian university, aimed to analyze the effects of magnesium and zinc supplements on glucose levels, oxidative stress, and inflammation in patients with coronary artery disease and type 2 diabetes. In this study, 60 patients were divided into either a group receiving a placebo or a group…

Vitamin D reduces oxidative stress and metabolic disorders

Summary Studies suggest that vitamin D deficiency is associated with metabolic disorders such as hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) and dyslipidemia (abnormal amount of lipids in the blood), as well as increased oxidative stress, which can cause a variety of diseases. Scientists at the Medical University of Łódź (Poland) explored the effect of vitamin D supplementation…

Diabetes risk can be reduced by daily vitamin D intake

Summary This study by various U.S. research institutes aimed to find out whether vitamin D supplementation affects the risk of diabetes. The study included 2,158 participants with prediabetes (elevated blood sugar levels that fall below the threshold to diagnose diabetes) who were assigned to either a vitamin D group (1,074 individuals) or a placebo group…

Vitamin D supplement can reduce long-term diabetes score

Summary 60 patients with type 2 diabetes and low vitamin D levels were enrolled in a placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial to investigate the effect of vitamin D supplementation on the progression of the disease. Patients who received a vitamin D supplement had a significant reduction in their long-term diabetes score (HbA1c). Blood pressure and blood…

Vitamin D treatment benefits type 1 diabetes patients

Summary In another randomized and controlled clinical trial, a joint team of researchers from the University Hospitals of Frankfurt and Hanover examined the effects of vitamin D administration on diabetes progression. The results of this clinical study showed that vitamin D supplementation significantly reduced insulin demands and significantly improved long-term blood glucose levels (HbA1c). No…

Supplementation with vitamin D can improve insulin needs

Summary Diabetes is a known risk factor during pregnancy, when the disease can lead to serious complications as a result of metabolic disorder. A randomized, controlled study at Shanghai University Hospital investigated the effect of vitamin D on the progression of gestational diabetes. Supplementation with high-dose vitamin D significantly improved the insulin needs and other…

Vitamin D reduces symptoms of nerve damage in diabetic patients

Summary This study assessed the effect of vitamin D in patients with painful diabetic neuropathy (nerve damage). Vitamin D was administered to 143 patients with diabetes and neuropathy. The results showed that treatment with vitamin D is associated with a significant decrease in the symptoms of painful diabetic neuropathy. More details can be found in…

Effectiveness of vitamin C infusion

Summary This study determined the effect of vitamin C infusions on the function of the endothelium (inner lining of blood vessels) in diabetic patients. 8 adolescents with diabetes were included in the study. The results showed that vitamin C was effective against the endothelial dysfunction in adolescents with diabetes. More details can be found in…

Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in diabetic patients

Summary This publication presents data on blood levels of vitamin D in patients with diabetes and in people without the disease. The results indicated that both type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients have lower levels of vitamin D when compared with non-diabetic people. More details can be found in the study. References Role of…

Vitamin C supplementation ameliorates insulin resistance and oxidative stress

Summary Diabetic patients can suffer from insulin resistance (the diminished ability of the body to respond to the action of insulin in decreasing blood sugars) and oxidative stress (imbalance between the production of free radicals production and the body´s antioxidant defenses). This study investigated the effects of vitamin C supplementation on insulin resistance and oxidative…

Vitamin C reverses oxidative stress in pregnant women with diabetes

Summary This study examined the effect of vitamin C administration on oxidative stress (imbalance between the production of free radicals production and the body´s antioxidant defences) in pregnant women with diabetes (gestational diabetes). 200 women with gestational diabetes were given vitamin C or no supplementation. The results showed that vitamin C reverses the oxidative stresses…

Vitamin C reduces inflammation

Summary The aim of this study was to examine whether vitamin C is capable of reducing inflammation in obese adults with high blood pressure and/or diabetes. 64 patients were given either 500 mg vitamin C twice a day or no treatment. The results showed that vitamin C reduced inflammation in obese patients with high blood…

Micronutrient supplements support treatment of high blood pressure and diabetes

Summary This research collected studies on the use of dietary supplements in the management of high blood pressure and diabetes. The studies showed that micronutrients were effective and safe substitutes for toxic and expensive conventional drugs. Moreover, it turned out that micronutrients are generally free from side effects. The authors therefore concluded that dietary supplements…

Resveratrol reduces oxidative stress in diabetes patients

Summary This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of resveratrol in type 2 diabetic patients. Resveratrol is a plant polyphenol that has been found to have beneficial effects on cardiovascular health. 19 diabetes patients were randomly assigned into two groups: a resveratrol group receiving 5 mg resveratrol twice daily and a control group receiving…

Resveratrol protects diabetic kidney

Summary The present study explored the protective effects of resveratrol in diabetes-induced kidney disease (diabetic nephropathy) by assessing markers of oxidative stress. Oxidative stress is an imbalance between free radicals production and the body’s antioxidant defenses. The analysis demonstrated the protective nature of resveratrol by attenuating markers of oxidative stress in renal tissues of diabetic…

Resveratrol has beneficial effects on diabetes-induced kidney disease

Summary This study aimed to investigate the protective effects of resveratrol in early-stage diabetes-induced kidney disease (diabetic nephropathy, DN). The experiment was performed in diabetic rats. The results suggested that resveratrol protects against oxidative stress, i.e. an imbalance between the production of free radicals and the ability of the body to counteract their harmful effects…

Resveratrol protects against diabetes-related kidney disease

Summary This study investigated the protective effect of the natural compound resveratrol on diabetic nephropathy, a kidney disease that occurs in people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Oxidative stress plays a crucial role in the development of this complication. In order to examine the effect of resveratrol on kidney function and oxidative stress,…

Vitamin D reduces diabetes risk

Summary The aim of this review was to examine the association between vitamin D status and the incidence of type 2 diabetes. A total of 19 studies was included. This analysis showed that individuals with the highest vitamin D status (>25 ng/ml) had a 43% lower risk of developing diabetes. Further details can be found in…

Magnesium supplementation prevents diabetes

Summary C-reactive protein is a marker for inflammation and higher concentrations are associated with an increased risk for diabetes. This study determined whether magnesium supplementation modifies C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels in healthy adults with prediabetes (high blood sugar levels but not in the diabetes range) and low magnesium levels (hypomagnesemia). A total of 62 men…

Vitamin D deficiency is associated with diabetes

Summary The objective of this study was to determine whether vitamin D deficiency was associated with type 2 diabetes among HIV-infected patients. Data were obtained from all participants enrolled in the prospective Modena (Italy) HIV Metabolic Clinic Cohort. Results showed that HIV-infected patients with diabetes had lower vitamin D levels compared with those without diabetes.…

Vitamin D reduces anemia risk in diabetic patients

Summary This study analyzed the relation between vitamin D and anemia (low levels of red blood cells/hemoglobin in the blood) in patients with type 2 diabetes. After hemoglobin and vitamin D concentrations were evaluated in male patients with type 2 diabetes, it was found that vitamin D is associated with higher hemoglobin levels and a…

Higher vitamin C levels are associated with a decreased risk of diabetes

Summary This study examined whether vitamin C levels, fruit and vegetable intake are associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes. Participants were men and women aged 40 to 75 years. Food intake was evaluated by means of a questionnaire. Vitamin C levels and the habitual intake of fruit and vegetables were then assessed. It…

Quercetin attenuates kidney damage in diabetic nephropathy

Summary Oxidative stress (imbalance between free radicals production and the body´s antioxidant defenses) is one of the major mechanisms involved in the development of diabetic nephropathy. This study examined the link between quercetin (antioxidant), diabetes and diabetic nephropathy (renal dysfunction). Quercetin (10 mg/kg per day) was given for 4 weeks in both control and diabetic…

Mediterranean diet prevents diabetes

Summary This study was performed to test the effects of two Mediterranean diets on the incidence of diabetes. 418 non-diabetic adults aged 55-80 years were randomly assigned to a control group or to one of two Mediterranean Diets, supplemented with either free virgin olive oil or nuts. The researchers found that Mediterranean Diets were effective…

Resveratrol ameliorates diabetes-induced kidney disease

Summary This study examined the beneficial effects of resveratrol on diabetes-induced kidney disease (diabetic nephropathy). Diabetic rats were treated with or without resveratrol at 0.75mg/kg body weight 3 times a day for 8 weeks. The results revealed that resveratrol ameliorates changes associated with early diabetic nephropathy. Further details can be found in the study. References…

Resveratrol reduces vascular disorders associated with diabetes

Summary The present study examined the beneficial effects of the natural compound resveratrol on diabetic changes of blood vessel walls (diabetic vasculopathy). The study was conducted with rats suffering from (artificially induced) diabetes. In the study, the animals were treated with or without resveratrol (at 0.75 mg/kg body weight) three times a day for 4-8…

Vitamin D benefits arterial health in diabetic patients

Summary This study was conducted to evaluate the benefit of high-dose vitamin D supplementation in diabetic patients with cardiovascular complications. 47 patients with type 2 diabetes were assigned into two groups: Group 1 received a vitamin D supplement at a dose of 1000 U (units) per day for 12 months. Group 2 received matching placebo…

Turmeric and curcumin are beneficial in preventing diabetes-induced oxidative stress

Summary This study analyzed the protective effect of turmeric and curcumin (the plant turmeric is a source of curcumin) on oxidative stress, i.e. an imbalance between free radicals production and the body’s antioxidant defenses. Oxidative stress is associated with diabetes complications. Diabetic rats were fed either only their normal diet or a diet containing curcumin…

A diet high in low-fat dairy products lowers diabetes risk

Summary This study analyzed the link between a diet high in low-fat dairy products and diabetes risk in women after menopause (postmenopause). 82,076 postmenopausal women who did not report diabetes at enrollment were involved in the study. The intakes of dairy products were evaluated by means of a questionnaire at the start of the study…

Anti-diabetic potential of resveratrol

Summary This study investigated the effects of resveratrol in regulating hyperglycemia (high blood sugar levels), pro-inflammatory factors, insulin secretion and antioxidant defenses in diabetes. Oral resveratrol was administered (5 mg/kg body weight) to diabetic rats for 30 days. The results of the present investigation demonstrated that resveratrol exhibited significant anti-diabetic effects by attenuating hyperglycemia, enhancing…

Curcumin improves kidney function in diabetes

Summary The present study was designed to examine the effect of curcumin on kidney (renal) function and oxidative stress (imbalance between free radicals and the body antioxidant defenses) in diabetes. Diabetic rats were divided into four groups, namely control rats, diabetic rats and diabetic rats treated with curcumin (15 and 30 mg/kg) for 2 weeks.…